EFFECTS OF COMPUTER ANIMATION ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF TECHNICAL COLLEGE STUDENTS IN VISUAL ARTS CONCEPTS IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA
Benjamin, O., Badmus, A. M. and Salawu, I. O (2020).
AAUA Journal of Science and Technology Education, Vol 3, No 1, pp 91 - 101.
This study examined the effects of computer animation on academic performance of technical college students in visual arts concepts in Lagos state, Nigeria. Two research questions and two hypotheses were raised and tested to guide the study. The research design adopted was the pretest-posttest control group quasi-experimental design. A purposive sampling technique was adopted to select the technical colleges that were used for this study. The sample consisted of 50 Junior Secondary School 1 (JSS1) visual arts class, 25 from Federal Science Technical College, Yaba, which comprised 14 male and 11 female and served as experimental group, while the other twenty five (25) from Government Technical College, Ikorodu, 11 males and 14 females selected as control group. The instruments used for data collection in this study were Student Achievement Test (SAT) on Visual Arts and Computer Animation Instructional Package (CAIP) on Visual Arts. The SAT was administered for reliability by using test retest method and Cronbach alpha analysis revealed 0.71 value of reliability index. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while the t-test analysis was used for testing the hypotheses at a level of significance of 0.05.
The findings of the study showed that t = 3.904 > p0.05 which implied that there was a significant difference between the mean score of the students who participated in CAIP and TIM groups. This therefore indicated that CAIP group performed better that TIM group. The findings also revealed that there was a significant difference between the mean achievement scores of male and female students taught visual arts using CAIP (t = 1.100 > p0.05) and it was implied that the male students that were exposed to CAIP performed better than the female counterpart.
Based on the findings of this research, it was recommended among others that the use of animated video is paramount in Nigerian technical colleges and government should make effort in advancing research and development in the teaching and learning of visual arts in the classroom and use of animated videos for teaching various concepts in visual arts theory and practical should be incorporated into the technical college and other vocational education curriculum.
Keywords: Computer animation, academic performance, technical college students and visual arts